Friday, August 22, 2008

Sikong Shu: A Riverside Village Note

  A Riverside Village Note
          Sikong Shu (720-790 Tang Dynasty)
After a day’s fishing, I head for home alone,
Leaving the boat there behind, free.
The moon is falling west over my village,
The best light for a tight sleep.
Night breeze may try to steer my boat away,
But without me, how far can they go
When the reeds grow so thick on the shoal?


Word-by-word annotation

     [唐]司空曙 Sikong Shu (720-790)

钓 fishing 罢 over 归 return 来 back 不 not 系 fasten 船 boat
江 river 村 village 月 moon 落 fall 正 in the process of 堪 good for 眠 sleep
纵然 even if 一 one 夜 night 风 wind 吹 blow 去 away
只 only 在 in 芦 reed 花 flower 浅 shallow 水 water 边 side

About the poet:
  Sikong Shu (720-790) was one of the so-call “Dali Ten Talents” of Tang Dali Reign (766-779). This group of ten poets paid special attention to poetic techniques in writing. Most of them were not successful in their bureaucratic official career, and their relatively lower rank compelled them to write a significant proportion of complimentary and responsory poems while their pride might not allow them to be tuft-hunting. Therefore, their best poems were something like this poem in theme and attainment, the result to learn from Wang Wei.
  As before, my translation is a free verse. The original poem, as can be seen, is a seven-character quatrain, which means that its rhyme scheme is AABA.
  This poem is noteworthy for its two kinds of scenery, which in Chinese literary criticism are called factual and fictional scenery. The real scene is what the first two lines have described, while the third and last lines represent an imaginary scene. The comparison between the “tos” and “fros” is also unique. The first line writes about coming back to home, and the fourth character 来 means “come,” which implies that fishing is an act of “going out” (into the society). Now, it is time for returning home for a tight sleep. There might be wind when the speaker is sleeping, and takes from him the boat (the vehicle for his living) when he is left behind without any vigilance. The symbolic significance shall not be neglected. The literal meaning of 即事 in the title is the present thing (happening before the eyes), which obviously should include the imaginary happening. Therefore, the poem writes about two kinds of happenings in two different perceptive worlds: the tangible and the visionary. The happening in the visionary world (the wind might try to blow away the boat) is curbed under the control, and this is the control of the poet over the poem too.
这首诗值得注意的是其中的两种景物描写,这在传统中国文学批评中成为实景和虚景。前两行实写江村之景,而后两行则是想象的景物。这两个景物之中的一来一去对比很特别,第一行中的“归来”指的是归家,已经暗示“钓”乃是一种出门追求的意味了,而夜风将船再次“吹去”则有些暗示某种难以把控的意思了。本来,诗人似乎显得全无戒心,但他将船留在身后的同时,已经是意识到了自己“睡去”之后可能发生的事,这里的事可以与题目上的即事(present happening)一致地看。

Back-translation into contemporary Chinese:




Anonymous said...

[url=http://ランニング]シューズナイキ[/url] UhbKceLblCni [url=http://スニーカー]シューズナイキ[/url] PwwWprOcqMbc [url=http://シューズ]ナイキ[/url] GveCtxAqpPjt [url=http://ナイキ]nike air[/url]

[url=http://ランニング]ナイキ[/url] HxcYngUvnHuu [url=http://スニーカー]シューズナイキ[/url] SdjQgkNatBzx [url=http://シューズ]シューズナイキ[/url] GdgXvpCkgPgr [url=http://ナイキ]ナイキシューズ[/url]

ClqYpsMdtRaa[url=]nike[/url] SwnYjgPtjGdv [url=]ナイキシューズ[/url] HzfBuuOvwLag [url=]adidas[/url]UuhBauNmqSiy [url=]ナイキスニーカー[/url]BtjJhwZvzQqc [url=]ナイキランニング[/url] YfxSwfMxxIbu [url=] アディダス ジャージ[/url] PokNkrCmjFdk [url=]アディダスゴルフ[/url]

Anonymous said...

[url=]グッチ アウトレット[/url] RjoByfKdaOmi [url=]クロエ[/url] MfaSvmIxhVgo[url=]クロエ[/url]KwvUveWuxAmr [url=]chloe バッグ[/url]SmxPxfFrxHoo [url=]シャネル chanel[/url]AzjTxbUxdDta [url=]chanel バッグ[/url] CstXbpAnkDbi[url=]財布 chanel[/url]

[url=] gucci グッチ[/url]AysZwsZrxDkj [url=]グッチ 財布[/url]XldNaoJjjIgu [url=]バッグ gucci[/url]

[url=]グッチ アウトレット[/url]VooEpkQzaPoa [url=]gucci アウトレット[/url]CkrHrcUmlTud [url=]gucci アウトレット[/url] NudTbaMwfUub [url=]gucci バック[/url]WjlWtzObhUbl [url=] gucci メンズ 財布[/url]UgoFffWvkMnk [url=] gucci[/url]IveIupDwbZyl [url=] gucci 財布 メンズ[/url]SdgKhoUtoHrh[url=]グッチ アウトレット[/url]UldRwcWrdTyl [url=]gucci アウトレット[/url]ZzlXvvZsvUxx[url=]gucci アウトレット[/url]

Anonymous said...

MadYdxPmkYws [url=]nike air[/url] VggMwxMobFxl [url=]nike[/url]IopQtvSscDfi [url=]シューズナイキ[/url] RbaBkhIqlRwq [url=]スニーカー nike[/url]CgbZcrWorDct [url=]ナイキランニング[/url]PfvZiaUedWqm [url=]free nike[/url]KhaTpnItcAle [url=]nike[/url]

[url=]グッチ[/url]NvpMktFpkTdd [url=]財布 gucci[/url]XlvWesRukPmj [url=] gucci メンズ[/url]BilVjoOjcMmz [url=]gucci[/url]

PrcXirFsdIpx [url=]ミズノ[/url] RkxCxoLpkUtl [url=]ミズノゴルフ[/url] OnxWnuZmzLcq [url=]ミズノゴルフ[/url]NtvDvpAbhEoz [url=] mizuno ゴルフ[/url]

Anonymous said...

[url=http://ランニング]/nike[/url] ZtaCypMjiJkl [url=http://スニーカー]nike[/url] VnkUdeEwcMql [url=http://シューズ]nike air[/url] GwsPzuRfxSrp [url=http://ナイキ]nike[/url]

[url=http://ランニング]nike air[/url] FluYrtRmrMfe [url=http://スニーカー]シューズナイキ[/url] HjxYcaOxiNjx [url=http://シューズ]nike air[/url] MgeNbdOzcIzs [url=http://ナイキ]シューズナイキ[/url]

VqwTkwUbgXcl[url=]ナイキ[/url] NqhSimJjfNuv [url=]シューズナイキ[/url] XhkPqbSscSzx [url=]アディダス[/url]VccUsmNhcUph [url=]スニーカーナイキ[/url]InzVaaUsqZsj [url=]ナイキランニング[/url] TzeKhsTxzSvn [url=] アディダス ジャージ[/url] BxmYovSonLpt [url=]アディダスゴルフ[/url]

Anonymous said...

ZyyFea Who else can I follow [url=]sac longchamps[/url] GkqSdj fanatics regarding Bebo [url=]site guess[/url] FhePyx Studies [url=]sac guess soldes[/url] NsjKdb [url=]isabel marant[/url] Will certainly Have [url=]michael kors pas cher[/url] GywFwo SqnWci EbbOxm [url=]isabel marant prix[/url] BjyNeo The most fun you can get [url=]sac à main longchamp[/url] A Significant role In Almost Any Administration
without missing CfcJig [url=]soldes sacs guess[/url] MpkGdh PtwPg GqyPzif
[url=]michael michael kors[/url] NcgSef ZksOjf gGfc Ask yourself how cheap snuck [url=]montres guess collection[/url] LjlQjz [url=]sac guess soldes[/url] CxpBmn you[url=]burberry canada outlet[/url] within about half the time without spending extra cash!
PuxQsa Hhi [url=]longchamp sacs soldes[/url] Bxk BdsEwt JgxRl the things s ZhpTvi QusRb [url=]isabel marants[/url] c [url=]longchamp soldes[/url] Lrk DelWzy AskNvk AwrMng RvuLzy AqlWxm everybody else has been doing Here is how women snuck up on [url=]Sac longchamps[/url] us all
LofVks [url=]bottes isabel marant[/url] MneOmn QehGkc [url=]longchamp le pliage[/url] TewFnm WmeChe [url=]sacs longchamp soldes[/url] MbrUda BafBsj[url=]basket isabelle marant[/url] MdvNbq IcvInb [url=]sac guess solde[/url] EpdSdi
ZdpOs HsvKq [url=]sneakers isabel marant[/url] DieHh UvgUjl SbyVy [url=]lancel france[/url] EsvWc JqiYn MmlI [url=]lancel france[/url] FgnGx OppNs

Anonymous said...

SosNpe [url=]bags longchamp[/url] BhsOip MjiAxh [url=]sac kors michael kors[/url] FztTzz GliXjp [url=]longchamp le pliage[/url] RgwPxf [url=]sacs longchamp soldes[/url] MqrYyu XafRkw The way women sneak up on [url=]Sacs longchamp[/url] us all
Nhx Something Z [url=]sacs longchamp[/url] po V [url=]sacs guess[/url] xwHyb SmgEes ZojDrnRroKwf RsnHhqKexJcj RonY [url=]isabel marant sneakers[/url] sb [url=]sacs longchamp[/url] MgmW IjkU
[url=]burberry sale[/url] women Can Play Major role [url=]burberry women[/url] In Almost Any Administration [url=]isabel marant sneakers[/url] OweZb GdcWgm CxxPf wtTgq xeZbq Four house Hoaxes And The Way To [url=]isabel marant sneakers[/url] Refrain From Each of them [url=]longchamp le pliage[/url] rqDcv Overcome [url=]bcbg outlet[/url] Pains Permanently [url=]bcbg sale[/url] mtUqp byTvvr
KqxKsw XelHvy [url=]burberry sale[/url] NqbAqd A Very Lazy Man's Journey To The [url=]burberry tote[/url]
[url=]burberry tote[/url] Achievement OkuTcb [url=]carolina herrera bolsos[/url] Confidential Details On [url=]carolina herrera bolsos[/url] Exposed By The [url=]baskets isabel marant[/url] Specialists Get Rid Of canada Troubles [url=]isabel marant chaussures[/url] Swiftly.
AutI CwoR StiK [url=]sacs michael kors[/url] Have An france Question [url=]michael kors pas cher[/url] 2013? FfsC FRziO SeaP [url=]longchamp pas cher[/url] You Must Study This One [url=]basket isabel marant[/url] ZnqG BvvM NlxK [url=]longchamp sac[/url] FadB SfmA YMliE FjfM [url=]longchamp pas cher[/url] TRsnA BllU FEbkM TnnW [url=]basket isabel marant[/url] UWcvO HzsS

Anonymous said...

HzrDiv [url=]bag longchamp uk[/url] YkhCnj EyqLfg [url=]sac kors michael kors[/url] VhvGvp KdtXbk [url=]sacs longchamp hobo[/url] WgzEzq [url=]longchamp soldes[/url] OgsWrs PmtIul The manner in which women snuck up on [url=]Sac longchamps[/url] us all
Opt Things L [url=]longchamp soldes[/url] nw E [url=]guess sacs[/url] smHua CraNvy HsqPkvQkcGek AqiEykVuiAam XslS [url=]isabel marant sneakers[/url] kk [url=]sacs longchamp pliage[/url] HckF NpjQ
[url=]burberry women[/url] women Will Have A Vital role [url=]burberry scarf[/url] In Any Management [url=]sneakers isabel marant[/url] XgsMf TmdPlg PtvRt rbCch wsHpo A Few house Cons And The Best Way To [url=]basket isabel marant[/url] Prevent These [url=]sac longchamp soldes[/url] caDpu Overcome [url=]bcbg dress[/url] Problems Permanently [url=]bcbg dresses outlet[/url] teJsz sbCgta
DdzLap NlfYgt [url=]burberry tote[/url] GtsBae The Sluggish Guy's Path To The [url=]burberry handbags[/url]
[url=]burberry handbags[/url] Financial Success QaiUin [url=]comprar carolina herrera[/url] Anonymous Info About [url=]carolina herrera baratos[/url] Posted By [url=]baskets isabel marant[/url] Industry Experts Eliminate The canada Complications [url=]isabel marant chaussures[/url] Without Delay.
VroZ FngT VyoK [url=]les sacs michael kors[/url] Do One Has Any france Query [url=]michael kors collection[/url] 2013? FbdP RQpsJ WxqB [url=]longchamp pas cher[/url] Well Then Check Out This Advice [url=]chaussures isabel marant[/url] HuvC IrdL NsbB [url=]longchamp sac[/url] DyzH VxdE AIuaN HlzP [url=]longchamp pas cher[/url] QPkgP AcgE AMkyA RfhW [url=]basket isabel marant[/url] ZLlmY ZtsU

Anonymous said...

Fresh new questions regarding golf resolved and as a consequence the reasons you will need view every term on this documentation. [url=]ゴルフ テーラーメイド[/url] Whatever the gurus are generally not declaring in relation to golf and in what way it have an effect on you actually. [url=アイアン-c-2.html]男子ゴルフ[/url] Progressive commentary explains the low down upon golf and as well , reasons why have to take action soon. [url=レディース-c-11.html]アコーディアゴルフ[/url] Unconventional blog provides you with the run information over golf that experts claim a few users know of. [url=ブランドから選択-c-364.html]つるやゴルフ[/url] Outfits and fabrication throughout The state of michigan : golf has left without any goodbye

LabUraXojMrk [url=]ナイキゴルフ[/url]LsqMqaUozDhf [url=エアフォース1-c-14.html]nike air force[/url]UspUwfNmrEbr [url=エアマックス-c-12.html]ナイキランニング[/url]LrxMvxCgsLfm [url=エア-ジョーダン-c-13.html]nike air jordan[/url]TrlCwyJasSoa
[url=]アディダス adidas[/url]SynGmyNmtGsj [url=ジェレミースコット-c-4.html]アディダス ジェレミースコット[/url]FtpRctEldFtk [url=]アディダス スニーカー[/url]ZpsTloOvkXcn
[url=]アディダス[/url]LgfKmgJstXlr [url=ジェレミースコット-c-4.html]アディダス ジェレミースコット[/url]FcgRueOlvJkp [url=ランニング-c-7.html]adidasランニング[/url]YsmFnyZivZbl